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Personality Disorders Symptoms & Treatment
A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder that can cause a person to experience significant problems with their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Personality disorders can make it difficult for a person to function in their everyday life and may cause them to have difficulty maintaining relationships. There are many different types of personality disorders, each with its own set of symptoms.
Personality disorders are broken down into 3 clusters.
Cluster A Disorders (Eccentric or Odd)
- Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD): A person with paranoid personality disorder may be excessively suspicious and distrustful of others. They may have a strong need for control and may be quick to anger.
- Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SzPD): A person with schizotypal personality disorder may have odd or eccentric behaviors and thoughts. They may be socially isolated and have difficulty forming close relationships.
- Schizoid Personality Disorder (STPD): A person with schizoid personality disorder may be emotionally distant and withdrawn. They may have difficulty experiencing pleasure and may not form close relationships.
Cluster B Disorders (Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic)
- Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD): A person with antisocial personality disorder may be manipulative and deceitful. They may be quick to anger and engage in risky or impulsive behaviors.
- Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD): A person with borderline personality disorder may have intense and unstable relationships. They may also have a fear of abandonment and issues with self-image.
- Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD): A person with histrionic personality disorder may be overly dramatic and attention-seeking. They may be easily influenced by others and have a need for approval.
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD): A person with narcissistic personality disorder may have an inflated sense of self-importance. They may be preoccupied with success and power and lack empathy for others.
Cluster C Disorders (Anxious or Fearful)
- Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD): A person with avoidant personality disorder may be excessively shy and sensitive to criticism. They may have a fear of rejection and may avoid social interactions.
- Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD): A person with dependent personality disorder may be excessively needy and clingy. They may have difficulty making decisions and lack confidence in their ability to function independently.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD): A person with OCPD may be excessively perfectionistic and organized. They may be inflexible and have a need for control.
Personality disorders can cause a great deal of distress and can make it difficult for a person to function in their everyday life. If you think you or someone you know may have a personality disorder, it is important to seek professional help. Treatment for personality disorders can include medication, therapy, or a combination of both. With treatment, many people with personality disorders are able to lead happy and fulfilling lives. Contact Nickischer & Associate today to learn more.